In the early 16th century, Kefalonia reverted to the Venetian State under the authority of which will remain until the end of the 18th century. During this period, head of administration was the provveditor (provveditore). Throughout his tenure period, usually lasting for two years, he had direct supervision over matters both of Kefalonia and Ithaca. On his return to Venice, he was obliged to submit a written report (relazione), describing both the situation in his area of responsibility as well as the activity he had developed.
In this book are published seventeen reports submitted in the course of the 16th century by provveditors of Kefalonia at the Collegio of Venice. These reports constitute an important source of information about Kefalonia at that time. The detailed list of the Venetian provveditors in Kefalonia during the 16th century is published in the Appendix of the book. As they spread in almost all the decades of the 16th century, the published texts compose a sufficient sample to help us form a presise picture of Kefalonia in that period.