This volume presents 30 papers by Greek and international historians on the centuries-long relation of the island of Lesbos to the Asia Minor coast. It is a breakthrough in the study of the history of the North-Eastern Aegean, a geographical area which, as far as history is concerned, remains understudied and calls for the collaboration of Greek and Turkish historians. The papers address ecclesiastical life; education and intellectual life; the population; language; economy; art (devotional painting, music, architecture); town planning, while a special section is titled ‘Presences and testimonies’. Authors include Aglaia Archontidou; A.I. Kalamata; papa-Dimitris Stratis; Roxane D. Argyropoulou and P.M. Kitromilides; P.D. Michailaris; S.Th. Anestides; Ourania Polycandrioti; Stratis Anagnostou; Angeliki Ralli; Dimitra Melissaropoulou; Evridiki Sifneou; Savvas Kofopoulos; Ioli Vigopoulou; Stratis Balaskas; Ioanna Petropoulou; Eugenia Drakopoulou; Katerina Korre-Zographou; Th. Soulakellis; D. Papageorgiou; S. Chtouris; Maria Tsitimaki; D. Psarou, and Em. Kolodny, Renée Hirschon, Patrick Boulanger, Mehmet Genc, Gulden Sariyildiz, Edhem Eldem and Zeki Arikan.