Is there a distinct “economy of the Greeks” or “Greek economy” within the unified economic system of the Ottoman Empire, especially during the pre-revolutionary decades? What was the fate of this economy after the uprising and, more generally, during the Greek Revolution? What changes took place in the economies of the revolutionary regions associated with the “economy of war,” insecurity, and disasters? How did the transition from the pre-evolutionary “Greek economy” to the economy of the Greek state take place? The questions mentioned above delineate the economic and social framework within which the 1821 Revolution broke out. The impact of the Revolution and the war on the various sectors of the economy of the rebellious regions, as well as the functioning of the economy in wartime, were, indicatively, some of the issues discussed in the conference “The Economy in the Years of the Revolution.” The conference was organized by the Institute of Historical Research, National Hellenic Research Foundation, on October 1 and 2, 2021, on the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the Greek Revolution. The volume includes ten studies presented at the conference.